This article, i will show you overview of SAP IDoc concepts and details of IDoc structure. After this topic, functional and SAP PO consultant can understand how to do Inbound and Outbound interface via IDocs.
This article will concentrate to three points:
3.Outbound | Inbound IDoc configurations
- IDoc definitions
IDOC is SAP’s concept of business document base on EDI (Electronic Data Interchange) standard. IDoc used in SAP to transfer data between SAP System and None-SAP System or between SAP and SAP systems.
Basic type present as type of business transaction, there are two types of
basic type (Master data and Transaction basic types). Master data
basic type contain information of master data object, example Material master, Vendor master, Supplier master, Sales price, etc…. Transaction
basic type contain action information and behavior of object, example: Sales Order, Delivery Order, Sales Receipt, Stock Transfer Order etc…
As you see in picture below, master data basic type show as yellow box, transaction basic type show as blue box.
In SAP, one business object can be presented by many message, but why like that ?. SAP was designed for multi industrial, depend on business perspective one business object can be different meaning and information. The specific message type for each industry will help SAP send and receive data to partners system fully and consistency.
Message type is abstract of basic type. SAP updated business process according business requirements, object information in IDoc also updated but still support old IDoc data structure and information.
2. IDoc Structure
To understand IDoc structure, i divided to IDoc message to three parts.
First part is IDoc message general, where contain information about IDoc technical description.
Second part, present data of IDoc message, segment is group of properties of business object have the similar characters or similar behavior. Field Name is technical name of properties and field’s value is value of property.
One field have to belong in one segment and segment can be present by hierarchy.
Third part, IDoc status, IDoc steps processing logs will be stored. Functional and Technical consultant can see detail logs to identify issue.
Tools of IDoc
IDoc definition TCodes
IDoc define: WE31
IDoc type define: WE30
IDoc document: WE60
IDoc processing TCodes
IDoc process: BD87
IDoc testing: WE19
IDoc utilities: IDoc
IDoc workbench: WE02, WE05
Search IDoc by content: WE09, WE10
IDoc statictis WE07
Delete IDoc: WE11
Process all IDoc: WE14
Ports in IDoc processing: WE21
Display outbound process code: WE41
Display inbound process code: WE42
Display partner types: WE45
IDoc status maintenance : WE47
Display texts for process code: WE50
3.Outbound | Inbound IDoc configurations
Outbound data flow
Inbound data flow
Outbound IDoc configuration steps:
Config RFC destination, TCode: SM59
What is RFC?, RFC is Remote Function Call.
SAP ERP send data out, we need define destination system via TCP/IP Protocol. Destination need provide a program which listening data from SAP ERP.
Here example, i make connection to SAP PO (Process Orchestration) system as middle ware system.
Config Port in IDoc processing, TCode: WE21
Based on connection defined in RFC configuration, we will make port for IDoc sending out.
Config partner profile to send specific IDoc, TCode: WE20
Partner profile help us define Basic Types will be used for Inbound/Outbound. With Outbound, we use “Logical System”, it is middle-ware system where connection opened in RFC destination configuration.
In outbound partner profile detail, we need to point to message type, basic type and extension IDoc if any. There are two mode of output IDoc, send immediately each time user perform send message of collect IDocs in queue and will as schedule.
In inbound partner profile, we need to indicator “Process code”. Process code is SAP Function, where perform logic to Insert / Update data to SAP ERP. There are two types of process code, standard process code by SAP or customize program developed by ABAP.
Thank you for your attention.
Well explained the basic concepts of IDOC. Great work!!
I definitely agree, a great overview of the whole process
Thank you Govind. Have a nice day
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Well explained basic concept of IDOC in simple way. Thank u for sharing.